Prostate adenoma (benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH) is a disease corresponding to a benign overgrowth of prostatic tissue. The disease occurs in 50% of all men after 50 and almost 75% after 70 years of age. The development of BPH is associated with hormonal disorders, which are observed in virtually all men after 40-45 years (the so- called “male climacteric period” or andropause).
The causes of prostate adenoma are not been fully clarified. No significant correlation was found between the occurrence of BPH and sexual activity, sexual orientation, smoking or alcohol consumption, previous inflammatory and sexually transmitted diseases.
How does prostate adenoma manifest itself?
The disease manifests itself mainly as the disorders of urination. It is believed that the disease develops after the moment when the person starts to feel pain during urination. After some time urination becomes more frequent and obstructed. Urine stream becomes weaker, and the amount of released urine per one time is reduced. The patient needs to get up 1-2 times at night. Later, if the BPH is left untreated, such patients experience kidney problems. The renal failure develops, which is manifested as a headache, thirst, dry mouth, weakness, irritability. The bladder remains always full; the urine is released in a thin stream, or even drop by drop. At the same time, urinary incontinence develops, which is a process of involuntary urine excretion at night, and later – during the whole day. In the absence of further treatment, this pathological process ends with the development of acute urinary retention. The complication of BPH is hematuria, blood in the urine. Another serious complication of prostate adenoma can be considered the formation of bladder stones.
Prevention of prostate adenoma
BPH is a complex disease requiring continuous monitoring and supervision by an experienced specialist. In “The Oxford Medical” international clinic you will get a consultation and treatment by experienced doctors. Unfortunately, nowadays there is no confirmed data concerning the prevention of BPH. Therefore, we recommend to all men over 50 to develop the habit of visiting the urologist once a year for examination.