A chronic hemorrhoid is the widespread form of the disease, which is surreptitiously and gradually developed within long years. In case of such course of hemorrhoid, exacerbation phases are replaced with remission phases, when the symptoms virtually do not worry the patient.
CAUSES FOR CHRONIC HEMORRHOID
The factors, causing the development of chronic diseases, are the same as for acute diseases:
- sedentary lifestyle and absence of physical exercises contribute to insufficient blood circulation;
- unhealthy diet – abuse of spicy, fatty, fried food and alcohol disrupts the functioning of gastrointestinal tract and results in development of the hemorrhoid;
- child bearing and birth – the changes, happening with the organism of a woman during this period, is one of the causes for the onset of this disease;
- physical exertion can also cause the exacerbation of this disease.
SYMPTOMS OF CHRONIC HEMORRHOID
The disease in its chronic condition is divided into 4 stages, progressing through which the symptoms are developing.
At the first stage of chronic hemorrhoid, the disease does not virtually cause any inconveniences – bleeding and discomfort are short-term and so rare that most people do not pay attention to them. At the second stage, the pain and bleeding become more frequent; the prolapse of hemorrhoids, which then are pushed back on their own, also occurs.
At the third stage, the large hemorrhoids, which cannot be pushed back on their own, are formed, but the patient can do it by himself. The prolapse of hemorrhoids becomes more frequent and occurs with the slightest effort in some time, but the bleeding and pain during the exacerbation period become more pronounced.
At the fourth stage, the hemorrhoids cannot already be pushed back and the bleeding from them becomes stronger. The hemorrhoids become inflamed, the blood clots form in them. During the exacerbation period, the pain virtually fully disturbs a day-to-day life of the person.
The burning and itching around the anal orifice, caused by mucoid discharges from the rectum, appear at the last stages.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF CHRONIC HEMORRHOID
The proctologist, who performs examination for giving a precise diagnosis, administers treatment of this disease. If necessary, the deeper examination – a video rectoromanoscopy, which allows examining the whole rectum – is performed.
During this examination, the doctor not only gives a diagnosis, but also excludes presence of anal fissures, rectal neoplasms etc.
The chronic hemorrhoid treatment is easier, quicker and cheaper at the first and second stages, but the patients rarely apply to proctologists with them. In Oxford Medical clinic, the following methods of treatment of chronic hemorrhoid are used:
- rubber band ligation;
- radio-wave ablation;
- laser hemorrhoid therapy.
For each patient, the treatment method is selected individually in order to ensure safe recovery without complications and recurrences.
You can make appointment with the proctologists of Oxford Medical clinic by calling us (044) 204 40 40 or using the form on our website.