An allergy is the extreme sensitivity of the organism to a certain pathogen (allergen). The allergy may occur after any contact with allergen: inhaling, getting onto the skin, eating with food or getting into the blood. The types of reactions to the contact with allergen are different and can be manifested through difficulty breathing, swellings, tearing, cough, nasal stuffiness, hives etc.


The symptoms of the allergy are caused by the substance, called as the histamine, which is produced by the organism during the contact with allergen. 

The following symptoms may be indicative of the allergy:

  • skin redness, rashes or exfoliation;
  • itchiness;
  • sneezing;
  • runny nose;
  • swellings;
  • red watery eyes;
  • difficulty breathing;
  • nausea;
  • dizziness;
  • stomach spasms.

The allergy can cause complications, such as eczema, bronchial asthma etc.

The symptoms of the allergy are similar to the manifestations of many other diseases; that is why in some cases, the doctors offer the patient to undergo examinations by specialized doctors in order to exclude concomitant diseases.


There are many agents, which can cause the allergic reaction, the most widespread of which are:

  • food products;
  • dust;
  • animal hair;
  • pharmaceuticals;
  • plant pollen;
  • cosmetics;
  • chemicals;
  • insect bites;
  • fungal or mold spores.

The allergy may also accompany the development of some infectious diseases; it is called the infectious allergy.

All allergens, causing the allergy, can be determined only through clinical allergen tests; that is why the self-treatment of the allergy is usually ineffective, because the man does not know which concrete pathogen induces the reaction. 

The anaphylactic shock is the severe form of the allergic reaction, which is manifested by the rapid heart rate, increased arterial pressure, difficulty breathing, swellings or rashes all over the body.


The first step in treatment of allergy is the elimination of symptoms of the acute allergic reaction. If the causes of the allergic reaction of the patient are not established, such treatment will produce only temporary effect, so it will recur.  The main purpose of treatment is not only elimination of symptoms, but also the prevention or alleviation of future reactions during the contact with the allergen.

To determine the cause of allergic reaction, the doctors order the allergen tests, blood tests for presence of antibodies and other specific examinations for detecting the allergens. In order to relieve the patient’s condition and eliminate symptoms, the doctor selects antihistamine preparations. 

If you took some medications on your own, necessarily tell it to your doctor, as they can change the clinical pattern of the disease that may lead to establishing the incorrect diagnosis.

Always tell your doctors about the allergies, which you have, especially the allergy to medications.

If you want to get rid of the allergy – make appointment for consultation with the family doctor by calling(044) 204 40 40 or filling out the form on our website. 


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