Acne vulgaris is the inflammation of sebaceous glands, usually occurring among young people during puberty. The common acne is manifested by the derangement of keratinization of pilosebaceous follicles and accompanied with the perifollicular inflammatory reaction. Young men and women aged 12-19 usually suffer from the acne.
CAUSES FOR OCCURRENCE OF ACNE
The main risk group includes the people, who often contact dioxine, lubricating oils and oil products. The acne may be caused by taking phenytoin, corticosteroids and perioral contraceptives. The androgens, which cause active secretion of the sebum when interacting with sebaceous glands, play key role in development of the disease. Too much sebum coupled with fatty acids cause inflammatory reaction in sebaceous glands and hair follicle, as the result of which follicle walls become horny, and the follicle is clogged with sebum.
The main causes for formation of acne eruption are:
- malnutrition, gastrointestinal diseases;
- premenstrual exacerbations among young girls and women;
- hormonal changes, diseases, related to endocrine system, age-related changes;
- excessive sweating;
- exposure to ultraviolet radiation;
- hereditary predisposition;
- bad habits: smoking, alcohol abuse.
SYMPTOMS OF ACNE VULGARIS
The main symptoms of acne vulgaris:
- presence of comedos, papules and pustules;
- merge of papules and pustules in solid lesions, often with fistulas, cysts and scars.
The special types of acne vulgaris are:
- асnе fulminans is manifested by pustular and ulcerous lesions and accompanied by fever.
- acne conglobata is a chronic pyodermia, characterized by the presence of fistulous abscessed lesions with cicatrization;
- acne necroticans is a papulonecrotic eruption on the skin of forehead;
- acne neonatorum is an acneiform eruption, observed on baby cheeks and caused by the hormonal impact of maternal organism.
In particular cases, the acne vulgaris starts acutely:
- the skin is covered by multiple blackheads, the abscessed nodes appear;
- headache and weakness appear;
- high temperature is observed.
The treatment of acne vulgaris usually depends on the form of disease and stage of its development. In case of a mild form of acne vulgaris, the dermatologist usually prescribes to the patient:
- erythromycin and heliomycin ointments;
- clindamycin sulfate;
- local retinoids etc.
In case of the moderately severe disease, the antibiotics are prescribed besides the above-mentioned local remedies. In case of the severest form of disease, the doctors prescribe roaccutane – preparation, which suppresses the functions of sebaceous glands and prevents the cornification process. The doctors also prescribe patients with acne vulgaris immune-modulating agents, vitamins and biogenic stimulators.
WHY OXFORD MEDICAL CLINIC
The advantages of the Dermatology Department of Oxford Medical:
- unique treatment schemes, which allow curing diseases effectively;
- top qualification dermatologists in our clinic.
- the Dermatology Department is fitted with modern equipment, which allows making the most accurate diagnosis;
- possibility to undergo all necessary examinations on the day of attendance;
- affordable prices.