The seborrheic dermatitis is a quite widespread chronic skin disease, which affects body areas, rich in sebaceous glands. In case of the disease, the sebaceous glands actively produce the sebum of incorrect composition (with increased concentration of free fatty acids). As a rule, people start having such problems in their teens and continue until they turn 24-28.
CAUSES OF SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS
The possible factors, contributing to development of the seborrheic dermatitis, may include genetic and metabolic causes as well as the influences of unfavorable ambient environment. The unfavorable conditions impair the protective function of skin and sebaceous glands, as the result of which the organism loses its ability to control the growth of pityrosporum fungi, and their number increases. The main factor, which causes activation of fungi, is the change of composition of the sebaceous matter, impairing the protective function of the skin. The causes for such changes may be neurogenic, hormonal or immune. It is proved that seborrheic dermatitis is exacerbated in case of nervous exhaustion and stresses. The patients with disorders and diseases of the nervous system are especially susceptible to seborrheic dermatitis. The hormonal imbalance often underlies the development of this disease.
SYMPTOMS OF SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS
The dermatologists distinguish the oily and dry form of seborrheic dermatitis.
The signs of oily seborrheic dermatitis:
- the affected skin areas are moist, greasy, shiny;
- the pores of sebaceous glands are enlarged, plugged with comedones;
- the skin thickens and has a brown-grey tinge;
- the hair looks oily, greasy; the bald spots appear;
- small yellowish lumps (sebaceous cysts) appear on the skin.
The dry form of seborrheic dermatitis is characterized by the dandruff and acne.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF DISEASE IN KYIV
This disease is diagnosed as per clinical findings at the consultation with the dermatologist or trichologist. The specialist determinates the cause for appearance of seborrheic dermatitis, examining the hormonal background. Also, the patient undergoes examination by the neurologist for establishing a precise diagnosis. The doctor rules out possible gastrointestinal pathologies and immunodeficiency disorders.
The treatment of seborrheic dermatitis consists in correction of main causes and local impact on the skin of head. The specific antifungal treatment is the most efficient. The adherence to healthy diet recommendations is obligatory. The application of curative lotions and shampoos is not enough for treatment of seborrheic dermatitis; that is why it is required to rub preparations, containing zinc and tar, onto the skin of head. The keratolytic preparations are applied in case of severe run of the disease. The doctor prescribes the hormonal treatment of seborrheic dermatitis only in those cases, when the antifungal therapy does not have necessary effect. The physiotherapeutic procedures, which improve microcirculation and epidermal sloughing, are also indicated in case of seborrheic dermatitis: cryomassage and darsonvalization. The patients with seborrheic dermatitis should change head skin care products with particular caution.
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