The human skin is a natural “live barrier”, its function consists in protection of the organism from external effects. That is why the skin is more exposed to the impact of unfavorable factors than other tissues and organs.
During the last years, the number of patients with benign skin tumors greatly decreased that is related with fashion for the suntan.
NATURE AND TYPES OF BENIGN SKIN TUMORS
The benign skin tumors are not dangerous for organism (not to mention the psychological and aesthetic discomfort), but under the influence of harmful factors (for example, insolation – intensive impact of sunlight), they can become malignant.
The birthmarks (nevi) are the most widespread type of benign skin tumors. They appear because of the accumulation of special cells – melanocytes, actively producing the pigment of melanin – in top layers of the skin.
Besides the nevi, there are other types of benign skin tumors :
- papillomas – soft growths on the thin pedicle, formed from the epidermis (top layer of the skin), having different color – from pinkish to dark brown; the papillomas are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV);
- dermatofibromas – small (0.3 – 1.5 cm) benign tumors, appearing on hands and legs, externally look like “buttons” of the dark brown color;
- hemangiomas – benign tumors, consisting of blood vessels in the form of little nodes, spots and large focuses of different red tinge – from bright red to reddish livid.
There are also trichoepitheliomas, lipomas, seborrheic keratosis, “cutaneous horn”, atheromas, miliums, xanthomas, xanthelasmas.
WHEN DO WE NEED TO VISIT A DERMATOLOGIST?
In case of the below-listed changes of these neoplasms, you need to urgently visit the dermatologist:
- change of color;
- pain, itching, burning;
- bleeding from the neoplasm;
- active appearance of new focuses.
The highly qualified dermatologists, receiving patients in the Dermatology Department of Oxford Medical clinic, perform comprehensive diagnosis of each cutaneous neoplasm:
- visual examination;
- detailed interview with the patient;
- dermoscopy for identifying the nature of neoplasm.
REMOVAL OF SKIN TUMORS IN OXFORD MEDICAL
After establishing a diagnosis, the relevant method of neoplasm removal will be ordered. The safest modern methods of removal of neoplasms from any skin areas are practiced in Oxford Medical clinic:
- Surgical (excision of undesirable neoplasm).
- Radio-wave surgery with Surgitron.
- Curettage (type of surgical intervention, mainly applied for removal of plantar neoplasms).
- Medication removal – non-surgical therapy, consisting in application of medications on the neoplasm to cause its destruction and regress.
The liquid nitrogen cryotherapy is an especially widely applied method of removal of warts and papillomas, not requiring a histological test. The cryotherapy allows not only removing benign neoplasms without any trace, but successfully combat some forms of basal cell skin cancer – the most widespread type of skin cancer.
The cryotherapy procedure does not require anesthetization - the patient can feel only some cold on the treated skin area. The period of restoration of cutaneous integuments after cryotherapy takes 2-4 weeks. After the procedure, the patient receives all necessary doctor’s recommendations on skin care during the recovery period.
The highly qualified specialists of the Dermatology Department of Oxford Medical effectively treat many skin diseases, using the innovational diagnostic methods and optimal schemes of treatment in each separate case. The clinic has different special offers very often, allowing the patients to get a qualified medical aid at moderate cost.
You can make appointment with the dermatologists of Oxford Medical Kyiv clinic by calling (044) 204 40 40 or using the application form on our website.