Cataract treatment

In the modern world, the cataract has a special place in the human life, affecting the eyesight, and often resulting in its complete loss.

WHAT IS THE CATARACT?

The cataract is the clouding of the lens of the eye of different density and intensity. Under normal conditions, the lens is transparent from the birth. It does not have vessels and nerve endings and is the optical lens of the eye. It consists of water, mineral substances and proteins that allows us to see well.

 

The clouding of the lens occurs with each man during different periods of his life and is the physiological process in most cases, except for the congenital and traumatic cataracts.

As our lens is in the intraocular fluid, it diffusively feeds the microelements, vitamins, which get into our organism with food. Therefore, its transparency depends on many factors such as:

  • quality of life;
  • nutrition
  • working conditions
  • traumatic injuries of the eyes
  • different inflammatory diseases of the eyes;
  • endocrine disorders – diabetes that leads to the metabolic disorder in the whole organism.

SYMPTOMS AND DIFFERENT TYPES OF CATARACT

Depending on the layer and degree of the clouding of the lens, the man may have the following symptoms:

  • deterioration of the visual acuity;
  • difficulty in reading, writing;
  • some patients start reading without glasses – it occurs in case of the change of refraction towards near-sightedness (phacomyopisation);
  • change of perception of color brightness and tone.

The several stages of the cataract are distinguished in case of the change of transparency of the lens:

  • initial;
  • immature;
  • mature;
  • hypermature.

Meanwhile, the viewed objects with different stages of the cataract are visualized differently (from ‘blurred’ image of the object to the complete loss of the definition, up to its contours).

The age-related cataract is the most widespread type of the cataract, as in the young age, it is encountered very seldom, only in case of presence of concomitant diseases (uncompensated diabetes, rheumatism, traumas, undergone chemotherapy, impact of toxins, ionizing radiation etc.)

 

With the swelling cataract, there occurs the disruption of the permeability of the anterior lens capsule, the protein substance of which is soaked in the intraocular fluid and increases in size. In most cases, it results in the phacomorphic glaucoma. At the same time, the glaucoma is secondary, but also leads to the total blindness and thus is not less dangerous. Therefore, the measurement of intraocular pressure and thickness of the lens are recommended for the patients above 40 and in case of appearance of the primary symptoms of the cataract.

 

The secondary cataract occurs with the clouding of the posterior lens capsule in the patients, who underwent the lens replacement surgery and had the artificial intraocular lens (IOL) implanted. Meanwhile, the percent of clouding varies from several hundredths to several tenths and depends on the material of the intraocular lens. 

The hydrophobic material causes the least clouding of the posterior capsule (hundredths of the percent). That is why in our clinic, the priority is given namely to this material, the global leader in manufacturing of which is ALCON (USA).

PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF CATARACT

The prevention of the quick progression of the cataract is carried out through the conservative method of prescribing the vitamin drops. It helps at the initial stages. When the visual acuity deteriorates, the complications of the cataract appear that leads to the worsening of the quality of person’s life in future.

 

The removal and implantation of the artificial lens is the only method of treatment of the cataract.

Only the phacoemulsification of the cataract with implantation of the artificial lens (PEC+ posterior chamber intraocular lens) is one of the modern methods of the cataract surgery. In the meantime, it is not always necessarily to wait until the complete clouding of the lens, as it was required previously, with extracapsular extraction (EEC + posterior chamber intraocular lens), as the ultrasound energy is minimal and the surgical treatment is performed mainly on the vacuum of the used machine.

 

The femtosecond laser performs only the stages of the operation (corneal tunnel incision and anterior capsulorrhexis). And the main part of the operation is performed by using the vacuum and ultrasound, controlled by the surgeon.

 

The surgery room of OXFORD MEDICAL clinic is fitted with the best microsurgical equipment, which allows successfully coping with the cataracts of any degree of severity as well as minimizing the risk of postoperative complications. The surgeries are performed by using Oertli CataRhex phacoemulsificator of Swiss manufacture under the control of Leica microscope of German manufacture.

Advantages of the Ophthalmology Department of Oxford Medical clinic:

  • the eye care professional with huge experience in surgery (over 6,000 operations) performs operations;
  • the operations are performed on the modern Swiss and German equipment;
  • affordable prices;
  • fast rehabilitation period.

Make appointment with the eye care professional by calling (044) 204-40-40 or filling out the form on our website. 

Our EXPERTS

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Lihoshva Alexandr YurievichOphthalmologist Video CV

Glubochitskaya street, 40X;

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Bondarenko Olha VladimirovnaOphtalmologist

Glubochitskaya street, 40X;

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reviews




08-02-2020 Хочу поблагодарить прекрасного доктора Бондаренко Ольгу Владимировну. Это очень приятная женщина, но главное, она отличный специалист. Выслушала, провела тщательный осмотр, объяснила в чем состоит моя проблема, прописала схему лечения. Через три дня, после начала лечения, состояние глаз улучшилось. Я очень довольна. Если у вас проблемы с глазами, рекомендую обращаться к Ольге Владимировне. Спасибо!

department: Ophthalmology

27-01-2020 Александр Юрьевич Лихошва провел уникальную операцию по удалению катаракты (осложненную наличием ранее прооперированной глаукомы) моему папе, 1939 года рождения. Папа не видел с 2014 года (6 лет!). На данный момент видит с каждым днем все лучше (второй глаз у него заморожен еще очень давно). Это был единственный шанс для моего папы вновь увидеть свет и свою семью, Александр Юрьевич не дал нам его упустить. Операцию по удалению катаракты (два глаза) он также провел и моей маме, 1944 года рождения.Сказать, что он профессионал - не сказать ничего. Он не равнодушен к своему делу, живет им. Блестяще делает самые сложные операции, щепетильно подходит к установке диагноза, следит за новинками медицины в своей области, но главное не забывает видеть в пациентах людей, которые живут надеждой. Переживает за результат и вкладывает всю душу в процесс восстановления пациентов.

department: Ophthalmology

10-12-2019 Лихошва Александр Юрьевич не просто прекрасный человек,но специалист с большой буквы. Проводил операцию катаракты,зрение возвращено. Спасибо,Док)

department: Ophthalmology

08-10-2019 Хочу высказать слова признательности за профессионализм врачу, который сделал всё для того, чтобы для моей мамы окружающий мир оставался таким же цветным и прекрасным, как и до наступления катаракты. Две проведенные доктором Лихошва операции опровергают мнение большинства о том, что лучшие специалисты выехали из страны. Лучшие специалисты работают в Киевской клинике Оксфорд. Спасибо!

department: Ophthalmology

07-10-2019 Дважды в этом году пришлось обращаться в доктору Лихошва по поводу проведения лечения катаракты левого и правого глаза у мамы. Очень профессионально, по человечески умеет рассказать пациенту о проблеме, методах лечения. Операция прошла успешно. Спасибо, доктор! Вот бы больше таких врачей встречалось бы нам по жизни.

department: Ophthalmology

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