Diabetes type 1 treatment

A diabetes type 1 is the widespread disease, for which the high blood sugar level is characteristic. The diabetes type 1 and type 2 are the most widespread.

TYPES OF DIABETES TYPE 1

The diabetes type 1 in most cases manifests itself in adolescence, while the diabetes type 2 is mainly diagnosed among older people.

The doctors also call the diabetes type 1 as juvenile; it occurs due to insufficient production of the insulin by the organism. It deserved its name, because it is diagnosed in the early age (under 30), very often in childhood, and can be congenital. During the last years, the diabetes type 1 started manifesting among the older age group – in 35 or even 40.

 

The diabetes type 2 develops due to the decrease in sensitivity of tissues to the impact of insulin; as the result, the insulin is produced, but the blood sugar level still remains high. The disease usually appears after 40; however, the disease gradually “becomes younger”. The people with the excess body fat and overweight are in the risk group.

CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES

The different causes lead to the development of the diabetes type 1:

  • genetic (inheritance of diabetes type 1 from parents);
  • stress;
  • traumas;
  • fright;
  • pancreatic diseases;
  • age (the older the man is, the higher the probability of development of the disease is);
  • excess body fat and arterial hypertension (increased pressure).

The diabetes type 1 in most cases is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • dryness in the mouth, thirst;
  • frequent urination (polyuria);
  • skin dryness;
  • irritation;
  • quick fatigability, weakness;
  • decreased libido;
  • slow healing of the wounds.

If the doctor does not prescribe the adequate treatment, then the diabetes is fraught with development of many complications, even the coma and lethal outcome. However, if you timely apply to the doctor and carefully follow all his recommendations, then it is possible to slow down and stop development of complications.

HOW DOES THE DIABETES TYPE 1 INFLUENCE THE MAN?

If the diabetes type 1 and type 2 are not treated, all key systems of the organism will be affected by the high blood sugar. The most affected are:

  • heart and vessels – the blood circulation worsens, the fat deposits appear in the walls of the vessels, clogging them (the hypertension, atherosclerosis, infarctions and strokes are the incomplete list of possible complications of the diabetes);
  • due to the increased load, the kidneys gradually lose the ability to filter blood – the kidney failure develops;
  • the eyesight worsens due to the injuries of small vessels of the eyes, leading to the eye lens swelling, risk of blindness, caused by the cataract or glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy;
  • nervous system – the numbness of hands and legs, digestive disorders, problems with sex life and urination appear;
  • the skin becomes susceptible to the fungus and bacteria, while the wounds and scratches heal very hard.

In the advanced stages of the disease, the feet suffer and in some cases have to be amputated.

DIABETES TYPE 1 DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT 

The endocrinologist with many years of experience and PhD degree administers treatment of the diabetes type 1 and type 2 in the Endocrinology Department of Oxford Medical Kyiv.

While diagnosing the diabetes type 1, the doctor attentively listens to the patient’s complaints, takes history, performs examination and orders the laboratory testing (hormonal test, biochemical blood analysis, urine analysis etc.)

 

The doctor prescribes treatment depending on the condition of the patient’s organism, form and degree of the severity of the disease and concomitant complications. However, the treatment necessarily includes the insulin therapy and drugs, decreasing the blood sugar level.

The timely visit to the doctor and observance of all his recommendations are the guarantee of the successful fight with the disease!

You can make appointment with the endocrinologist by calling (044) 204 40 40.

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