Paraproctitis is the inflammation of tissues, surrounding the rectum, which is caused by the infection. It is accompanied by the formation of abscess, which spreads over adjacent tissues as the disease progresses.
CAUSES OF PARAPROCTITIS
The staphylococci, streptococci or coliform bacterium (Escherichia coli) are usually the pathogens of the paraproctitis. The paraproctitis is developed as the complication after past proctologic diseases (hemorrhoid, anal fissures etc). The progression of paraproctitis may be also caused by:
- lengthy constipations, diarrheas;
- weakened immune system;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- malnutrition, alcohol abuse;
- diabetes mellitus.
SIGNS OF PARAPROCTITIS
The progression of paraproctitis may be evidenced by:
- acute pain in the rectum;
- purulent discharge;
- skin irritation around the anus;
- false, painful urge to defecate;
- poor appetite;
- body temperature increase.
The inflammation process of the paraproctitis causes changes in the results of general blood tests – the level of leukocytes and granulocytes in the blood increases.
The chronic form of paraproctitis can be accompanied by appearance of the fistula – unnatural canal on the internal surface of rectum, through which the pus is discharged. The paraproctitis is characterized by temporary periods of remission, when pain sensations weaken; however, the paraproctitis will not pass away by itself – later, it will be followed by the periods of exacerbations.
The untimely treatment of paraproctitis may result in spreading of the infection and abscess over adjacent tissues and sepsis. Among other complications, the paraproctitis may cause deformation of the rectum or pectenosis (formation of scars on the internal surface of rectum). In case of absence of adequate treatment, the paraproctitis may lead to development of the rectal cancer; that is why if such symptoms are present, you need to visit a doctor urgently.
TREATMENT OF PARAPROCTITIS IN OXFORD MEDICAL CLINIC
The visit to a proctologist includes the examination on the proctology examination chair and history taking (patient’s complaints and medical history). If necessary, the doctor can additionally order the ultrasound scan.
The paraproctitis is treated through the surgical intervention, during which the doctor cuts open and drains the purulent wound. After the operation, the doctor prescribes antibacterial drugs in order to stop the inflammatory process. The doctor recommends immune-enhancing drugs or physiotherapeutic procedures to enhance the organism’s resistance to infections. The full recovery is possible subject to the timely visit to a doctor and correct treatment of the paraproctitis.
For prevention of the paraproctitis, it is important to timely treat proctologic diseases, to avoid hypothermia, to maintain strict personal hygiene and undergo preventive examinations by the proctologist.
You can make appointment to consultation with the proctologist right now by calling (044) 204 40 40.