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Treatment of cholecystitis

A cholecystitis is the inflammatory disease of the gallbladder. It usually develops slowly, gradually and virtually unnoticeably. As per the statistics, the women, aged above 45, most often suffer from the cholecystitis.

CAUSES OF CHOLECYSTITIS

The cholecystitis may appear and develop on the background of the gallstone disease, when the stones, located in the gallbladder, damage its walls and impair the normal process of bile flow. It can be also caused by the parasites. The doctors find the infection (coliform bacterium, streptococcus) in the bile of many patients, suffering from the cholecystitis. The inflammation can also cause the inflow of pancreatic enzymes into the gallbladder in case of pancreatitis. The gallbladder injury sometimes becomes the cause of the acute inflammatory process.

 

However, the cholecystitis is more often caused by:

  • malnutrition;
  • frequent constipations;
  • overeating;
  • low immune function;
  • chronic infections;
  • dyskinesia of bile ducts;
  • low physical activity;

SYMPTOMS OF CHOLECYSTITIS

There are two forms of the disease: acute and chronic. The acute form of the disease is characterized by the following signs:

  • jaundice;
  • colicky pain in the right rib;
  • nausea and severe vomiting.

The chronic form of cholecystitis is characterized by:

  • dull pain in the stomach on the right;
  • nausea;
  • discomfort after eating the fatty food, drinking fizzy drinks etc.;
  • tympanites;
  • appearance of pain after stress, hyperthermia etc.

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF CHOLECYSTITIS

For establishing the precise diagnosis, the gastroenterologist orders the blood test and the ultrasound scan of the abdominal cavity organs. If there is no exacerbation, the X-ray examination of bile ducts and gallbladder is performed. In case of the chronic form of cholecystitis, the strict therapeutic diet (excluding the fatty, fried and spicy dishes, smoked meat products, chocolate, alcohol) is ordered.

 

The medication treatment includes:

  • choleretic herbal decoctions;
  • choleretic drugs;
  • with pains – antispasmodic drugs;
  • in special cases – antibiotics.

Sometimes, the doctors order such procedures as the duodenal intubation or tubeless gallbladder cleanse. If the cholecystitis was caused by the gallstone disease, then the medication therapy would be accompanied by the surgical methods. The patients are recommended having the rest in resorts such as Truskavets, Morchin etc (if there is no exacerbation).

WHY OXFORD MEDICAL CLINIC

The advantages of the Gastroenterology Department of our clinic are:

  • thorough diagnostics of diseases, allowing treating them with high quality;
  • use of cutting-edge methods of diagnosing the organs of the digestive tract;
  • application of advanced effective methods of treatment in the gastroenterology;
  • selection of individual course of treatment. 

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