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«Oxford Medical» private clinics

(044) 204 40 40
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Treatment of periodontal diseases

PERIODONTITIS (PYORRHEA)

 

PARODONTIUM IS THE COMPLEX OF TISSUES, SURROUNDING A TOOTH AND CLOSELY CONNECTED MORPHOLOGICALLY AND FUNCTIONALLY. THIS COMPLEX INCLUDES A GUM, BONE TISSUE OF THE ALVEOLUS, PERIODONTIUM AND TISSUE OF A TOOTH. THE GUM IS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT PART OF THE PARODONTIUM, WHILE THE INTERDENTAL AND ALVEOLAR GINGIVA ARE DISTINGUISHED. INTERDENTAL AND ALVEOLAR GINGIVAS HAVE A PALE PINK COLOR UNDER NORMAL CONDITIONS AND MAY CHANGE THROUGH PIGMENT DEPOSITION. THE BROWN AREAS APPEAR AGAINST A PALE PINK COLOR IN SUCH CASES. 

 

Periodontitis (pyorrhea) is the inflammatory disease, which is caused by opportunistic bacteria, living in the oral cavity that leads to loss of tissues, supporting a tooth (periodontal ligament, alveolar bone). 

 

PERIODONTOSIS (ALVEOLAR PYORRHEA)

 

Contrary to the widespread opinion, the periodontosis is encountered very seldom, among less than 10% patients and is not an inflammatory disease. During the periodontosis, the teeth are well fixed, they do not have a large number of dental deposits etc.

 

During the periodontosis, the dental neck is exposed without any symptoms of inflammation. Meanwhile, the thickening of alveolar process and its atrophy (reduction in volume) occur.

 

The sensitivity of dental neck increases to different external stimuli; in addition, the patients complain of feeling itching in the gums. The tooth starts feeling wobbly at the last stage of periodontosis, while the dental root is exposed more than a half. 

 

The main purpose of periodontal therapy is the removal of soft and hard supra-gingival and sub-gingivaldental deposits for halting the disease progression. The mechanical scaling and root planing with manual instruments is the most often applied method of cleansing the root surface. In terms of clinical and treatment approach, the mechanical scaling does not provide a desired, biologically compatible cleansing of the root surface. The mechanical instruments – piezo and ultrasonic scalers – were applied for optimization of the scaling and root planing process. A new ultrasonic system Vektor Durr Dental is presented in Oxford Medical clinic. 

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